Supporting your deck properly is key to its structural integrity, durability, and safety. Toronto's weather and changing seasons are also a factor. The deck/structure has to be protected from frost heaving caused by freezing and thawing and "lift-off" in the event of a windstorm.
A number of other factors may also have to be considered when choosing the best foundation for your project.
- Soil conditions
- Risk of frost heaving
- Deck/structure size and weight
- Deck height from ground
- Risk from wind
- Building code requirements
- Strength and durability
- Installation: E. G., preparation required, earth displacement, need for equipment, available space, season, etc.
The design of your deck's foundation is dependent on the deck's design, the load that needs to be distributed from the deck to the support posts, to the foundation, and the soil and weather conditions. The role of the foundation is to keep the deck level (prevent sinking, frost heaving and shifting) and keep it attached to the house if need be. If the deck heaves and your home stays where it is you can imagine what will happen.In order to prevent heaving, the foundation has to be supported by piers or piles that go below the frost line. If you are supporting your deck/structure with concrete this requires a rather large hole.
Different depths may also be required depending on the specific soil for each pile. A pile being put into "disturbed" soil (I.E., soil that has previously been dug up and refilled) may need to be deeper to reach the solid ground below.These are just a few of the considerations that go into the engineering specifications that will ensure that your deck gives you an optimal problem-free lifespan.
The piles that go into the ground can be made of wood, steel, or concrete. Because they go into the ground decay is an issue. Some soils contain acids that can eat away at the concrete, wood is susceptible to wood-boring insects and rot, and steel to corrosion.After years of building decks we've tried just about every alternative there is.
WE'VE GOT SOME GREAT NEWS!
Before we tell you why we like it let me tell you what it is. A GoliathTECH Screw Pile—the part that goes into the ground to support and anchor your deck/structure— is installed deep into the ground below the frost line to solidly support the deck/structure. It is fully engineered and the number, depth, and size of the pile is chosen based on the size, construction, and load of the deck/structure being built. It resembles a large screw that can be screwed into the ground so a large hole doesn't have to be excavated for each pile.
- It is faster to install
- You don't have to wait for the concrete to cure—so there is no downtime during construction
- It allows us to perfectly level the deck/structure
- It takes up less space so is ideal for restricted spaces
- It can't be torn out of the ground because of the screw nature of its tip
- The galvanized steel doesn't degrade or corrode
- The piles are removable and reusable
- Second story decks
- Sheds and outdoor structures
- Building additions and extensions
All Benchmark Building Services Inc. projects are installed by GoliathTECH Screw Pile System Certified Installers.
That's all for now, until next time we'll keep Building It Right™.
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